Locksmithing is an ancient trade that has been practiced for thousands of years. The history of locksmithing can be traced back to ancient Egypt and Babylon, where locksmiths crafted wooden locks and keys. Over time, the profession has evolved, and locksmiths have played a crucial role in securing homes, businesses, and other properties.

Early History

The first locks were simple wooden devices that were used to secure doors and chests. The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians were the first to develop rudimentary locks and keys, which were used to protect valuable objects and treasures. These locks were made from wood and were secured with a wooden peg that could be removed with a key.

Medieval Period

During the medieval period, locksmithing became a more sophisticated trade. Locksmiths began to craft more complex locks and keys, which were made from metal instead of wood. These locks were used to protect not only treasures but also homes and businesses.

One of the most significant innovations in locksmithing during the medieval period was the creation of the tumbler lock. This type of lock featured a series of spring-loaded pins that would prevent the lock from opening unless the correct key was inserted. Tumbler locks were much more secure than earlier locks and were widely used throughout Europe.

Industrial Revolution

The industrial revolution brought about significant changes in the locksmithing trade. New manufacturing techniques made it possible to produce locks and keys on a mass scale, making them more affordable for the average person. This led to an increased demand for locksmiths, as more people were able to afford to secure their homes and businesses.

The industrial revolution also brought about new types of locks, such as combination locks and padlocks. These locks were used to secure safes, bank vaults, and other high-security areas.

Modern Times

Today, locksmiths play a crucial role in keeping people and their property safe. They are trained to install, repair, and maintain a wide range of locks, including electronic locks, biometric locks, and other high-tech security systems.

Locksmiths are also called upon to help people who have locked themselves out of their homes or cars. They use a variety of tools, such as lock picks and bump keys, to help people regain access to their property.


The history of locksmithing is a long and fascinating one. From simple wooden locks and keys to high-tech electronic security systems, locksmiths have played a crucial role in securing homes, businesses, and other properties for thousands of years. As technology continues to evolve, the locksmithing trade will undoubtedly continue to adapt and thrive, ensuring that people and their property remain safe and secure.